Series on Emerging Sub-Sectors

February 2015

This study was funded by the Government of Canada’s Sectoral Initiatives Program. The authors have undertaken all reasonable efforts to ensure accuracy in compiling the document. The opinions and interpretations in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Government of Canada.


This publication was written by Sam Bourgi of ICTC, with contributions from Dr. Meenakshi Gupta (ICTC).

The authors would like to express their sincere appreciation of the reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve the quality of this publication, including Nancy Panunto (PSI Engineering), Matt Eskandar (MR Control Systems International), and Jeremy James (Cohort Systems). We would also like to thank the rest of our industry advisors, whose contributions were integral in the development of this report, including Bruce Gilkes (C4i), Colin Dobell (Inuktun Services), Ed McGinley (New Brunswick Information Technology Council), Krystal Darling (Tri-Mach Group), Michael Jugan (SolidCad), Nayan Shah (Salesways), Rob Bank (Marsh Instrumentation), Robin Winsor (Cybera), Shamira Jaffer (Signifi), and Tom Adkins (Autopro Automation Consultants).